What does each Taekwondo pattern teach the student? Taegeuk, Palgwe, Ch'ang Hon, or whatever it is that you practice. Pick a form, and tell us what you believe and understand that it teaches. Taegeuk IL jang: The meaning of this form is heaven and light. The Korean Haneul (heaven) in the context of the philosophical concept Samjae can be considered to represent the human mind, and intangible, spiritual things. This pattern is the student's introduction to Taekwondo. It shows them the concept of precisely controlling their body with their mind and the power of their will or spirit; the heaven. In terms of the physical principles taught, it is an introduction to basic footwork combined with basic hand and foot motions. It introduces these principles, which carry through many of the later patterns, and self defence, and sparring and fighting: -The 90 and 180 degree turns in every permutation of footwork for turns where the back is not given to the opponent. -Waist twist power. -Employment of gravity to aid power through footfall timing. -Weight shifting of the centre of gravity over the basic stances Apseogi and Apkubi -Importance of the back leg in power generation. -The importance of stance length and width. -Reaction hand and body motion. -Coordination of power derived from waist twist, with the power phase of the two hand motion and the footfall, directly forwards and through 90 and 180 degree turns. -The concept of blocking and the primary target areas danjun, myeongchi, and injung. -Correct contact surfaces for block and strike. -The linear strike to myeongchi. -Basic fist formation. -Use of the front or back hand for striking and blocking. -Basic kicking, use of the hip for power and striking surface used, and importance of standing leg position. -Importance of post-kick rechamber and balance recovery and continued motion without interruption. -Delivery of power through forward stepping motion. All of the above whilst in motion and in multiple different combinations. And people say patterns are a waste of time!